Scams can appear in many different forms, targeting both experienced investors and average retail customers alike.
As the saying goes, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is!
Although it is true that scammers are increasingly taking advantage of new technology, be aware that phone scams are also on the rise, although the methods being used are getting more sophisticated.
Some common scam types are described below. However, please be aware that this is not an exhaustive list, and scammers are constantly developing new techniques. If you come across a different type of banking scam please let us know. For more information about the latest types of scams, you may wish to refer to the Financial Investigation Unit's website.
Money transfer scams
Although money transfers are an easy and convenient way of sending money to someone electronically, they are risky when you send money to someone you don’t know. This is because transferring or ‘wiring’ funds is like sending cash. It is a quick process, and once the money is gone it is almost impossible to reverse a transfer or trace the money, which is why it is exploited so frequently by scammers.
To ensure you don’t fall victim to this type of scam, never wire money to a stranger or someone you have not met in person. This could be, for example, someone claiming to be a foreign government official, a seller insisting on a wire transfer for payment, an online love interest asking for money, someone advertising a holiday rental, or anybody claiming to need help in transferring large sums of money.
You may be promised huge rewards or what appears to be an easy way to make money. Alternatively, the scammers may take advantage of your generosity by posing as a genuine charity in order to fraudulently collect money, or play on your emotions by claiming to be in jail or hospital abroad requiring financial assistance.
Banking and online account scams
These take many guises, but a few of the more common examples are described below:
Payment card fraud
There are many types of card fraud aimed at stealing your credit or debit card details, which involve either the theft of the card itself, or of the sensitive information held on the card. This could occur if you are not present at the time of the transaction, for example, when making a purchase over the internet, or if the card is out of your sight, say in a restaurant. Alternatively, the scammer could make you think you are talking with a trusted organisation and trick you into providing the information, or even illegally copy the information from the magnetic strip on the card and create a ‘cloned’ card with your details on it.
Debit and credit cards each have their advantages, and are suited to different situations. A major advantage of using credit cards over debit cards is that the level of protection offered is generally higher, namely when something goes wrong with a purchase, or if your card details are used fraudulently. Although most debit card providers are starting to offer a form of protection when you make purchases using your card, there is no legal obligation for them to do so.
Remember never give out your bank account or credit card details unless you are certain of who you are dealing with, and never let your card out of your sight. However, if you have already given the fraudsters this information, you should tell your bank immediately.
This is when scammers attempt to obtain your private, sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords, PIN, credit card details, and sometimes money, by pretending to be from your bank or other financial institution, a company you regularly do business with, or from your social networking site. They may do this via email, web page, text message or phone call. The scammers will give you some reason why they need this information, and then use the details to access your account. Frequently the reason used is that there is a problem with your account, and in order to increase the chances of a response, the message may imply a sense of urgency or an immediate risk to your bank account or credit card if you fail to answer.
Phishing emails often include official-looking logos, and might also include convincing details about your personal history, which the scammers were able to find on your social networking pages. They might also include links to ‘spoofed’ or ‘cloned’ websites, which appear to be the financial institution’s own genuine website, and which if followed, ask you to enter personal information.
Remember, if you receive any emails (or text messages) which appear suspicious, the best thing you can do is to delete them straight away.
The Commission is often made aware of scams targeting local residents, a common one being ‘voice phishing’, otherwise known as ‘vishing’. This is where a scammer telephones an individual to say that there has been a fraudulent transaction on their account. For security reasons they are advised to phone the bank back. The victim puts down the receiver and then dials their own bank. However, unbeknown to the victim, the fraudster stays on the line, to intercept the outgoing call. An accomplice then ‘answers’ the call and, believing that they are talking to their bank, victims will often disclose account numbers and passwords directly to the fraudster, who uses the information to steal money from their accounts. Once the funds are transferred out of the customer’s account there is little chance of recovery. If you are contacted in this manner we would advise you to call your bank back using a different telephone, for example, if contacted on a landline then use a mobile telephone to make the call. Alternatively, wait at least 20 minutes before returning the call on the same line. The delay should ensure that the original call had been properly disconnected and the fraudster and their accomplice are no longer on the line.
As part of a national fraud awareness campaign, the British Bankers' Association has produced a list of eight things a bank will never do:
- Ask for your full PIN number or any online banking passwords over the phone or via email
- Send someone to your home to collect cash, bank cards or anything else
- Ask you to email or text personal or banking information
- Send an email with a link to a page which asks you to enter your online banking login details
- Ask you to authorise the transfer of funds to a new account, or hand over cash
- Call to advise you to buy diamonds, land or other commodities
- Ask you to carry out a test transaction online
- Provide banking services through any mobile apps other than the bank's official app
Reporting a scam
Find out more information about how to report a scam!
If you want any further information on the subject, you may find the following resources useful:
Action Fraud - The homepage of the UK’s national fraud and internet crime reporting centre.
BBC Watchdog – For consumer advice on current financial scams.
Financial Conduct Authority
- Protect Yourself - For a list of firms unauthorised to operate in the UK.
- Scams - For information about how to spot a scam.
- Scamsmart - A link to the Financial Conduct Authority’s national campaign aimed at protecting those most at risk of investment fraud.
Financial Fraud Action UK – An organisation which works in conjunction with industry, government, and the police, to help the public and businesses protect themselves from financial fraud. It provides information about the various types of payment fraud, advice about lessening your chances of becoming a victim, as well as what to do if you become one.
Guernsey Financial Investigation Unit - For the latest fraud news updates from the FIU.
Know Fraud, No Fraud - BBA – A campaign by the British Bankers’ Association to raise awareness about how you can prevent yourself becoming a victim of fraud.
Take Five - A campaign led by Financial Fraud Action UK urging the public to stop and think whether a situation is genuine, and if what you are being told makes sense.
The Little Book of Big Scams – A guide on how to avoid some of the most commons scams, produced by the Metropolitan Police Service.
The Little Book of Big Scams, Business Edition - A link to information on scams within businesses.